Philippe Ariès: Centuries of childhood (1962, Vintage Books) 4 stars

a friend said it best, this was filled with wtf moments

3 stars

Curious in-depth examination of childhood depicted in art and writing from the middle ages through early modern focused on France and England, a necessary but ultimately bizarre citation for any claim of change in family or schooling over shorter recent periods in its cataloging of moralistic and class-driven changes in views on protecting innocence and justifying corporal punishment etc.