John Dewey

Author details

Tu-wei, .. Dewey-Kilpatrick, .. Dyui, and 51 others D. D'jui, ജോൺ ഡ്യൂയി, Джон Дюи, จอห์น ดูอี, 約翰·杜威, Jān Dīvīy, Dž Djui, Yüeh-han Tu-wei, جان دیویی, Jān Ḍevī, ジョン・デューイ, Džon Dʹjui, 존 듀이, Jan Dewey, Дьюи, جون ديوي،, جون ديوي, 杜威, J デューイ, John Dewey, Djon Dʹyuï, Džons Djūijs, J. Dewey, Dzhon Dʹi︠u︡i, ديوى، جون, ديوى، جون،, ジョン デューイ, ジョン デュウイー, Τζον Ντιούι, Džon Djui, G'on Dyuʼi, Ջոն Դյուի, Джон Дьюи, जॉन डुई, ג'ון דיוי, Д Дьюи, ジョン デュエー, Џон Дјуи, Džon D' ûi, Dewey, ג'ון דיואי, 威 杜, Wei Du, Duwei, Dyui, ديويي، جان, G'on Dyuʾi, ჯონ დიუი, دجون ديۋىي, Džon D'jui, Джон Дьюї
Jan. 6, 1859
Jan. 6, 1952

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John Dewey (; October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. He was one of the most prominent American scholars in the first half of the twentieth century.The overriding theme of Dewey's works was his profound belief in democracy, be it in politics, education, or communication and journalism. As Dewey himself stated in 1888, while still at the University of Michigan, "Democracy and the one, ultimate, ethical ideal of humanity are to my mind synonymous." Dewey considered two fundamental elements—schools and civil society—to be major topics needing attention and reconstruction to encourage experimental intelligence and plurality. He asserted that complete democracy was to be obtained not just by extending voting rights but also by ensuring that there exists a fully formed public opinion, accomplished by communication among citizens, experts and politicians, with the latter being accountable for the policies they adopt.Dewey was one of the primary figures associated with the philosophy of pragmatism and is considered one of the fathers of functional psychology. His paper "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology," published in 1896, is regarded as the first major work in the …

Books by John Dewey