The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

226 pages

English language

Published July 15, 1996

ISBN:
9780226458083

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4 stars (6 reviews)

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962; second edition 1970; third edition 1996; fourth edition 2012) is a book about the history of science by the philosopher Thomas S. Kuhn. Its publication was a landmark event in the history, philosophy, and sociology of science. Kuhn challenged the then prevailing view of progress in science in which scientific progress was viewed as "development-by-accumulation" of accepted facts and theories. Kuhn argued for an episodic model in which periods of conceptual continuity where there is cumulative progress, which Kuhn referred to as periods of "normal science", were interrupted by periods of revolutionary science. The discovery of "anomalies" during revolutions in science leads to new paradigms. New paradigms then ask new questions of old data, move beyond the mere "puzzle-solving" of the previous paradigm, change the rules of the game and the "map" directing new research.For example, Kuhn's analysis of the Copernican Revolution emphasized that, …

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4 stars

I met this book two times in my life, once when I was about 17-18 and never actually bothered reading it. Even the idea and possibility of a non-cumulative science destroyed my hopes about any advancement in general in these fields. I felt betrayed by science and weak, vulnerable to subjective ideas and mere personalities of scientists. I think this is the first step on the path of getting rid of scientism.

Then second time I actually read this book, 6 years later, though I should have done so much earlier, because there is advancament, and Kuhn's paradigm view (or "interdisciplinary matrix" view) makes so much sense and the author has so many great examples from history of science that it hurts not to see the stages of some non-cumulative, but real development. You don't always need a set goal to arrive at, this book is an absolutely must read …

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